What are the chief duties of husband and wife in the married state? 158 Cf. Consequently, they cannot receive Eucharistic communion as long as this situation persists. The most excellent good is something even better than what is admitted to be good. 3. Jn 2:1-11. This is a reasonable timeframe to engage in the elements both practically and thoughtfully. THE EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY, 1638 "From a valid marriage arises a bond between the spouses which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive; furthermore, in a Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and, as it were, consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state by a special sacrament. 135 Cf. 1657 It is here that the father of the family, the mother, children, and all members of the family exercise the priesthood of the baptized in a privileged way "by the reception of the sacraments, prayer and thanksgiving, the witness of a holy life, and self-denial and active charity. In our present rite, several elements recall that early stage of the celebration of marriage: the ceremony of the "Crowning" starts, as does the Liturgy, with the exclamation "Blessed is the Kingdom," and the rite itself includes such elements as the singing of the "Our Father" followed by the couple's participation in a common cup of wine. CCEO, can. Marriage is not a purely human institution despite the many variations it may have undergone through the centuries in different cultures, social structures, and spiritual attitudes. For this reason (or for other reasons that render the marriage null and void) the Church, after an examination of the situation by the competent ecclesiastical tribunal, can declare the nullity of a marriage, i.e., that the marriage never existed. The symbols that are used during weddings are: Rings: The rings symbolise God's not finishing love, just as the cirlce has no start or finish. And this love which God blesses is intended to be fruitful and to be realized in the common work of watching over creation: "And God blessed them, and God said to them: 'Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it. The three elements of mortal sin are: Grave matter (i.e., gravely wrong). CCEO, can. CIC, can. Gen 1:26-27. The Sacrament of Matrimony involves two baptized people, one or both of whom are Catholic, becoming husband and wife through a sacred covenant with God and each other. Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage, but also different religious mentalities, can become sources of tension in marriage, especially as regards the education of children. Christian marriage in its turn becomes an efficacious sign, the sacrament of the covenant of Christ and the Church. God who is love and who created man and woman for love has called them to love. 1621 In the Latin Rite the celebration of marriage between two … The Church manifests an attentive solicitude toward such people and encourages them to a life of faith, prayer, works of charity and the Christian education of their children. Disparity of cult can further aggravate these difficulties. 1057 § 1. . However, Jesus has not placed on spouses a burden impossible to bear, or too heavy - heavier than the Law of Moses.108 By coming to restore the original order of creation disturbed by sin, he himself gives the strength and grace to live marriage in the new dimension of the Reign of God. PART TWO
84 CIC, can. "154 This human communion is confirmed, purified, and completed by communion in Jesus Christ, given through the sacrament of Matrimony. 1666 The Christian home is the place where children receive the first proclamation of the faith. 1055 § 1; cf. Therefore, a marriage which is ratified and consummated between baptized persons can never be dissolved. Mt 10:8; Eph 5:31. 1057 § 2. How wonderful the bond between two believers, now one in hope, one in desire, one in discipline, one in the same service! Acts 16:31; Acts 11:14. 166 Cf. 1607 According to faith the disorder we notice so painfully does not stem from the nature of man and woman, nor from the nature of their relations, but from sin. Matrimonial consent is given when a man and a woman manifest the will to give themselves to each other irrevocably in order to live a covenant of faithful and fruitful love. Their relations were distorted by mutual recriminations;96 their mutual attraction, the Creator's own gift, changed into a relationship of domination and lust;97 and the beautiful vocation of man and woman to be fruitful, multiply, and subdue the earth was burdened by the pain of childbirth and the toil of work.98, 1608 Nevertheless, the order of creation persists, though seriously disturbed. Exceptions to the la… And the sacrament of marriage is, in a very particular sense, the sacrament of society. In both cases, it is essential that the spouses do not exclude the acceptance of the essential ends and properties of marriage. Gen 1:28; 3:16-19. This sacrament, seen as a sign of the love uniting Christ and the Church, establishes between … Nevertheless, the law given to Moses aims at protecting the wife from arbitrary domination by the husband, even though according to the Lord's words it still carries traces of man's "hardness of heart" which was the reason Moses permitted men to divorce their wives.101, 1611 Seeing God's covenant with Israel in the image of exclusive and faithful married love, the prophets prepared the Chosen People's conscience for a deepened understanding of the unity and indissolubility of marriage.102 The books of Ruth and Tobit bear moving witness to an elevated sense of marriage and to the fidelity and tenderness of spouses. 98 Cf. 1662 Marriage is based on the consent of the contracting parties, that is, on their will to give themselves, each to the other, mutually and definitively, in order to live a covenant of faithful and fruitful love. Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage, but also different religious mentalities, can become sources of tension in marriage, especially as regards the education of children. For this reason the Second Vatican Council, using an ancient expression, calls the family the Ecclesia domestica.168 It is in the bosom of the family that parents are "by word and example . The relationship of love of a woman and man in the life long commitment of marriage is to be honoured and protected. Gen 1:27; 1 Jn 4:8, 16. What appears good only in comparison with evil would not be truly good. Rev 14:4; 1 Cor 7:32; Mt 2:56. must be, per se, valid, worthy, and fruitful. Mk 8:34; Mt 11:29-30. 97 Cf. To heal the wounds of sin, man and woman need the help of the grace that God in his infinite mercy never refuses them.99 Without his help man and woman cannot achieve the union of their lives for which God created them "in the beginning.". 1624 The various liturgies abound in prayers of blessing and epiclesis asking God's grace and blessing on the new couple, especially the bride. In other words the couple who are getting married administer the … Saint Andrew the Apostle Catholic Church3450 West Ray Road, Chandler, AZ 85226(480) 899-1990, Copyright © 2021 Saint Andrew the Apostle Catholic Church, Site designed and maintained by The Catholic Web CompanySend Us Stuff. The nuptial covenant of God with Israel prepared for and prefigured the new covenant established by Jesus Christ the Son of God, with his spouse, the Church. "85 Scripture speaks throughout of marriage and its "mystery," its institution and the meaning God has given it, its origin and its end, its various realizations throughout the history of salvation, the difficulties arising from sin and its renewal "in the Lord" in the New Covenant of Christ and the Church.86, 1603 "The intimate community of life and love which constitutes the married state has been established by the Creator and endowed by him with its own proper laws. It aims at a deeply personal unity, a unity that, beyond union in one flesh, leads to forming one heart and soul; it demands indissolubility and faithfulness in definitive mutual giving; and it is open to fertility. 109 Cf. 141 Cf. John Paul II, FC 16. 100 Gen 3:16, 19. In a case of disparity of cult (between a Catholic and a non-baptized person) a dispensation is required for validity. Its task is to help such couples live out their particular situation in the light of faith, overcome the tensions between the couple's obligations to each other and towards their ecclesial communities, and encourage the flowering of what is common to them in faith and respect for what separates them. 105 Cf. 1086. What three requirements are essential to Marriage? “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery” (Mark 10:11-12). "149 Christ dwells with them, gives them the strength to take up their crosses and so follow him, to rise again after they have fallen, to forgive one another, to bear one another's burdens, to "be subject to one another out of reverence for Christ,"150 and to love one another with supernatural, tender, and fruitful love. GS 48 § 1). 138 Cf. . The punishments consequent upon sin, "pain in childbearing" and toil "in the sweat of your brow,"100 also embody remedies that limit the damaging effects of sin. She sees in it the confirmation of the goodness of marriage and the proclamation that thenceforth marriage will be an efficacious sign of Christ's presence. 122 Cf. 86 1 Cor 7:39; cf. CIC, can. Because of original sin, which caused a rupture in the … 2. Gen 2:18-25. even in the eyes of society. 1606 Every man experiences evil around him and within himself. For Catholics, the Sacrament of Marriage, or Holy Matrimony, is a public sign that one gives oneself totally to this other person. It is good, very good, in the Creator's eyes. Polygamy is incompatible with the unity of marriage; divorce separates what God has joined together; the refusal of fertility turns married life away from its "supreme gift," the child (GS 50 § 1). "94 The Lord himself shows that this signifies an unbreakable union of their two lives by recalling what the plan of the Creator had been "in the beginning": "So they are no longer two, but one flesh."95. The sacrament of matrimony consist of the marriage contract, so that for Christians the contract and the sacrament are inseparable. "87 The vocation to marriage is written in the very nature of man and woman as they came from the hand of the Creator. "128 This consent that binds the spouses to each other finds its fulfillment in the two "becoming one flesh."129.
. 1606-1608. How does sin threaten marriage? 96 Cf. 116 Cf. 163 GS 50 § 1; cf. Gen 3:12. 126 Cf. A case of marriage with disparity of cult (between a Catholic and a non-baptized person) requires even greater circumspection. Although the dignity of this institution is not transparent everywhere with the same clarity,88 some sense of the greatness of the matrimonial union exists in all cultures. 130 Cf. 148 LG 11 § 2; cf. According to the law in force in the Latin Church, a mixed marriage needs for liceity the, Through ecumenical dialogue Christian communities in many regions have been able to put into effect a, In marriages with disparity of cult the Catholic spouse has a particular task: "For the unbelieving husband is consecrated through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is consecrated through her husband.". 145 GS 48 § 2. 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