IN THE TEMPLE Since his triumphal entry into Jerusalem (19:28-40), Jesus' activities have centered on the temple, where he: • Cleansed the temple (19:45-46). The Spanish persecution of 1391 produced Moses Botarel; the expulsion (1492) was followed by a number of such figures -- Asher Lamlein (1503), Solomon Molcho (c. 1500 - 1532), and others.”, (4) Shabbetai Tzevi (1621 - 1676) of Smyrna - “The masses were won over by his emotional sermons and fresh doctrines. 3:28; Mk. It was not until the Edict of Milan in which Constantine participated in 313 A D that 3 years of Christian persecution ended. 2:12; 1 Sam. NET Bible on Lk 21:20 - This passage refers to the events associated with the fall of Jerusalem, when the city is surrounded by armies. And the Romans could not disassociate a god from an idol, so if you had no idol, you had no god. Man was not made for the law but the law was made for man. Regarding the far greater destruction that is coming upon the whole earth, those who listen to and obey Jesus can escape the horrible destruction that will come." Veritable verbal inspiration! [4], For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and 'Whoever curses father or mother shall die.' Daniel prophesies "Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. You had to strain to hear the faint, “Plink, plink.”, Lenski - This was not a guess but an exercise of that supernatural knowledge which Jesus always employed wherever he needed it for his work. In your patience possess ye your souls. This happened when Titus encircled the city with troops and put it under siege beginning in 68 A.D. (Lk 21:21–22) Then the Jews should get away from the city. Matthew and Mark wrote that Jesus also gave that teaching in the Olivet Discourse (Matt. 11:13; 1Pe. 17:16; 2 Sam. 66 "So your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall be in dread night and day, and shall have no assurance of your life. Hupomone in Lk 21:19 refers to the brave holding out under adverse situations, suffering, trials, afflictions, etc. The following Scriptures also emphasize perseverance: Matthew 24:13; John 8:31; 1 Corinthians 15:1-2; Colossians 1:21-23; Hebrews 2:1-3; 4:14; 6:11-12; 10:39; 12:14; 2 Peter 1:10. Accounted worthy (2661)(kataxioo from kata = intensifies + axioo [from axios] = to think worthy) means to count worthy of something. Yes, He had just finished issuing a series of "Woes" to the Scribes and Pharisees in Matthew 23:1-36, even saying in verse 5 that "they do all their deeds to be noticed by men." You see it and know for yourselves that summer is now near - Seeing is believing so to speak. The reference to 40 days and nights (Mt. 3:6; Zech. 11:7; Dan. Vows to God were often consecrated with a gift. I don't think so. Nothing, absolutely nothing occurs to us without God's own will. 10:22; Jer. "I will give you mouth and wisdom." J. Simons - If Christ’s prophecy about the destruction of the Herodian Temple, not a stone of which was to remain in place … referred to the temple proper or to the entire block of buildings within the outer enclosure, no prophecy has been fulfilled more literally, since the very site of the sacred edifice and the disposition of all the accessory buildings have become matters of discussion.” A T Robertson adds "Only the foundation stones remain.". In short Jesus' warning is crystal clear = "WHEN you SEE, THEN you KNOW...THEN you FLEE!" The reason given is that they are blood money and hence unclean. Implies tribulation global ("since the beginning" [cf "flood"]; "no life...saved" both imply global), Lk 21:24 Jerusalem trampled under foot (MacArthur New Testament Commentary – Luke). (Ed: See Marshall's comments below) (Luke 21 Commentary - Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable). 14:27; Mk. And it begins with the Romans who persecuted Christians for several reasons. The implied close connection is explicitly affirmed by Matthew's "immediately" (Mt 24:29-note). JERUSALEM'S DESOLATION, If we compare Luke 21:20-24 with Luke 19:41-44+, we see that Jesus had already prophesied that Jerusalem would be surrounded and made desolate. If the giving of the law at Sinai was so terrible that even Moses said, "I exceedingly fear and tremble" — then the return of Christ when He comes to earth in power and great glory, shall be much more terrible. Edersheim - Court of the Women. Anagke is used in the Septuagint (Lxx) in Jeremiah 15:4 to describe the judgment of God on the nation of Judah (cf Jer 9:15 where the English of the Lxx says He will feed them with trouble [anagke]). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 21:5-19 EXEGESIS: LUKE 19-21. 15:8; Rev. Comment - The ESV Study Note cross references Rev 6:12-17-note). 5:19; Jn. 50:11; Isa. Hiebert notes that more literally the Greek (of at the door) reads "upon the doors (plural)" where "upon" "pictures the subject so near as in fact already located on the doorstep.". Mark's parallel has more detail than Luke's version... And He sat down opposite the treasury, and began observing (theoreo in the imperfect tense) how the people were putting money (chalkos) into the treasury; and many rich people were putting in large sums. The children also, and the young men wandered about the market places like shadows, all swelled with the famine, and fell down dead, wheresoever their misery seized them. These offerings were separated from all common and profane uses and were openly dedicated to the honor of the deity to whom they were originally presented. The exhortation before us should teach us the immense importance of humility. King Herod more than doubled the temple mount area, increasing it to about 36 acres (150,000 square meters). 7:11; Jer. They are the natural results of human nature separated from God and ruled by self-interest. 16:12; Deut. When the world is gripped with fear because of frightening events, we should look up, filled with hope because our redemption draws near. Signs (4592)(semeion akin to semaino = to give a sign; sema = a sign) is a distinguishing mark by which something is known, an object, quality, or event whose presence or occurrence indicates the probable presence or occurrence of something else. And so the fact that Jesus gave very specific and different signs in Matthew 24 and Luke 21 is one of several reasons for stating that Mt 24:15-22 is not referring to the past destruction of Jerusalem (as Lk 21:20-24 clearly does) but to the future destruction of the Temple. There is NO other way!) By all accounts, it was the most beautiful building in the world. MacArthur explains that "The synagogues served as the local Jewish courts, and handled both civil and criminal cases. The writer of Hebrews expresses the same truth in these words: "For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our assurance firm until the end" (Heb 3:14-note). Their response to life's trials definitely confirmed that they already had a saving relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ. 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